Over 180 FREE speech therapy worksheets, activities, and flash cards for speech-language pathologists, teachers, and parents. I created these materials to use with my clients, and I hope you can use them too.
"Sh" can be a tricky sound to teach! I have a sweet girl with Down syndrome who has a lot of nasal emission when producing this sound. In fact, she is unable to produce anything sounding like "sh" when she pinches her nose closed. It almost comes out more like /k/. This shows me that 100% of the air comes out of her nose when she normally produces the sound. We are going to start working on producing the sound in isolation without nasal emission.
Have you worked on nasal emission before? Let me know if you have any advice!
Here is an activity similar to the last worksheet I posted. These sentences contain both the /s/ and /sh/ sounds for kids who start to mix up the two. The first 15 sentences contain minimal pairs, and the last 10 contain near-minimal pairs.
Many kids can distinguish between minimal pairs at the individual word level, but when reading sentences, all of the rules go out the window. I wrote these sentences for a client who can now produce the "th" sound, but is now overextending that production to the "f" and "v" sound as well.
I have a few kids who have trouble with negation concepts (not, none, nothing, except, etc.). This is a hard concept to teach! I usually start by putting 3 similar noun picture cards in front of the child and saying, "These are all foods." I then put a non-food picture card in front of the child (but away from the others) and say, "But this one is NOT a food." Then I gradually fade the verbal cues until the child is the one saying "This one is NOT a ______." I made this worksheet to make the concept a little more abstract (i.e., without using picture cues).
After mastering the goal of answering yes/no questions to affirm or deny object labels (e.g., "Is this an apple?") I like to move on to answering more abstract yes/no questions about items in categories (e.g., "Is an apple a fruit?"). This worksheet provides 20 of these questions.
What are some of the ways you work on teaching "yes" and "no"? It seems so simple, but it's so hard to teach!
I have many kids who can't answer personal questions (even when they know the answer). With some of my clients who are less intelligible, I am working on answering these questions using an AAC device such as a DynaVox or an iPad with Proloquo2Go. With others who are not motivated to talk, I am simply working on getting a response the first time I ask the question. With others, I simply want them to be able to recite their last name and phone number in case of an emergency. I make it a goal for my kids to answer at least 8 out of these 10 questions within 5 seconds, the first time they are asked. I also teach my kids to say something like "Hmm" or "Let me think" if they need additional time. When they give a blank stare instead, it's unclear whether they understood the question, whether they are still thinking, or whether they are ignoring me. Do you have any other "must know" personal questions that you want your kids to be able to answer?
This is always a fun goal to target. I usually pair it with a board game, and before each turn the client has to answer one question. Some of these have only one possible answer, and others are more open ended.